Visual distortion is a term used to describe any visual changes or alterations in perception that make it difficult to see objects or images clearly.
Visual distortion can take many forms, such as blurring, distortion of shapes, colours, or lines, or visual illusions. These changes can be caused by several ophthalmological conditions, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.
Age-related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition that affects people over the age of 50. It occurs when the macula, a part of the retina responsible for central vision, deteriorates over time. As a result, people with AMD may experience distorted or blurry vision, making it challenging to read or recognize faces. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in older adults, but with early diagnosis and treatment, vision loss can be prevented or minimized.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina. When the blood vessels become damaged, they can leak fluid or bleed, leading to distorted or blurred vision. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness among adults with diabetes, but with regular eye exams and effective management of blood sugar levels, vision loss can be prevented or delayed.
Retinal Detachment: Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from its underlying tissue. This can cause visual distortion, such as flashes of light, floaters, or a curtain-like shadow across the field of vision. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency that requires prompt treatment to prevent permanent vision loss. Early diagnosis and treatment can often restore vision and prevent further damage.
Macular hole: This is a defect in the centre of the macula. The macula is a part of the retina (film at the back of the eye) which is responsible for central vision. Symptoms of macular hole include a dark or blind spot in the centre of the vision.
Epiretinal membrane: This is a cellophane tissue that forms on the surface of the retina at the back wall of the eye. Over time, the membrane may pull on the retina leading to decreased vision.
Treatment from Anna Grabowska
Anna Grabowska is a retina specialist who can help diagnose and treat visual distortion related to ophthalmological conditions. Dr Grabowska has extensive experience in the diagnosis and management of retinal diseases, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.
Dr Grabowska’s approach to patient care is patient-centered and collaborative. She takes the time to listen to her patients’ concerns and thoroughly explains their diagnosis and treatment options. Her goal is to provide personalised, compassionate care that restores her patients’ visual function and improves their quality of life.
Visual distortion can be a symptom of several ophthalmological conditions, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.