The macula is a tiny area in the retina that provides us with clear, central vision. A macular hole occurs when there is a small defect or gap in the centre of the macula. This can cause a dark or blind spot in the central vision, making it difficult to read, recognise faces, or perform other activities that require good central vision. Miss Anna Grabowska is an experienced Consultant Ophthalmologist and Vitreoretinal Surgeon at King’s College Hospital, London. She can provide treatment for macular hole, helping patients improve their vision.
Symptoms of Macular Hole
The most common symptom of a macular hole is a blind spot in the central vision. The size of the blind spot can vary, depending on the size of the macular hole. Other symptoms may include distorted or wavy vision, difficulty reading or seeing fine details, and decreased visual acuity.
Causes of Macular Hole
Macular holes can occur due to various reasons, but the most common cause is age-related changes in the eye. As we age, the vitreous, a gel-like substance that fills the eye, begins to shrink and pull away from the retina. In most cases, this process occurs without any complications. However, in some people, the vitreous can pull too strongly on the retina, causing a macular hole to develop.
Treatment for Macular Hole
The treatment for a macular hole usually involves surgery called a vitrectomy. A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure where the vitreous gel is removed from the eye and replaced with a gas bubble. The gas bubble helps to keep the retina in place while it heals. The patient may need to keep their head in a specific position for several days or weeks to ensure that the gas bubble remains in the correct position. This procedure is performed under local anaesthesia and takes about an hour.
The success of the surgery depends on the size and duration of the macular hole. If the macular hole is small, the success rate is higher. However, if the macular hole is large, the success rate may be lower, and the vision may not fully return to normal.
After the surgery, the patient will need to follow specific instructions to ensure that the macular hole heals correctly. The patient may need to use eye drops and avoid certain activities, such as heavy lifting and strenuous exercise. The patient may also need to avoid air travel until the gas bubble has resolved, which can take several weeks.
Appointments for Macular Hole In London
If you have any concerns about macular hole, contact your eye doctor immediately. With timely diagnosis and treatment, you can protect your vision and minimise the risk of vision loss. Contact Miss Anna Grabowska and her team through this website to arrange an initial appointment and find the right treatment for macular hole in London.